Music Ranking 2013

Academic Ranking of World Universities

The “Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU),” also known as the “Shanghai Ranking,” is a publication that was founded and compiled by the Shanghai Jiao Tong University, whose aim is to rank universities globally. The rankings have been conducted since 2003, and have been updated annually. Since 2009, the rankings have been published by the Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. ARWU was the first global ranking of universities published. The ranking, backed by the Chinese government, was designed “to provide a global benchmark” compared to various universities in China, so they “could assess their progress.” The aim of the ARWU is to enable Chinese universities to “catch up” with leading global universities on “hard scientific research.” The Academic Ranking of World Universities is considered one of the three most influential and widely observed international university rankings, together with the “QS World University Rankings” and the “Times Higher Education World University Rankings.” Its consistent and object methodology has been commended when compared with other university rankings. However, it has also been criticized for its emphasis on the natural sciences over the social sciences or humanities, and its emphasis on research over the quality of instruction. Here is the list of the Top 10 universities based on the 2013 Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU): 1. Harvard University (U.S.A.) ? established in 1636 by the Massachusetts legislature and named after John Harvard (its first benefactor), Harvard is the United States’ oldest institution of higher learning. 2. Stanford University (U.S.A.) ? Stanford University is a private research university in Stanford, California in the northwestern Silicon Valley near Palo Alto. 3. University of California, Berkley (.U.S.A.) ? the University of California, Berkley is a public research university located in Berkeley, California. 4. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (U.S.A.) ? the Massachusetts Institute of Technology is a private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts known traditionally for research and education in the physical sciences and engineering. 5. University of Cambridge (U.K.) ? the University of Cambridge is a collegiate research university located in Cambridge, England. Originally founded in 1209, it is the second-oldest university in English-speaking areas, and the world’s third-oldest surviving university. 6. California Institute of Technology (U.S.A.) ? the California Institute of Technology is a private research university located in Pasadena, California. It has 6 academic divisions with a strong emphasis on science and engineering. 7. Princeton University (U.S.A.) ? Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university located in Princeton, New Jersey. 8. Columbia University (U.S.A.) ? Columbia University is an American private Ivy League research university located in the Morningside Heights neighborhood of Upper Manhattan in New York City. 9. University of Chicago (U.S.A.) ? the University of Chicago is a private research university in Chicago, Illinois. 10. University of Oxford (U.K.) ? Oxford University is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England. Although its exact date of foundation is unclear, there is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world, and the second-oldest surviving university in the world, next to the University of Bologna, located in Bologna, Italy.

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